What Does Peacock Symbolize? Understanding the Symbolism behind the Majestic Bird

The peacock is a magnificent creature with vivid, iridescent feathers that sparkle under the sun. Undoubtedly, one of the most beautiful birds in the world, the peacock is known for its striking colors, but there’s more to this fowl than meets the eye. Did you know that the peacock has been revered as a symbol of vitality, grace, and beauty by many cultures for centuries? Indeed, the peacock is not just a pretty bird, but a cultural icon that holds deep significance in mythology, art, and literature.

In Hinduism, the peacock is considered sacred and often depicted as the mount of Lord Muruga. Its feathers represent the eyes of the heavens, and its shimmering hues are said to symbolize the elixir of life. Similarly, in Christianity, the peacock was believed to symbolize immortality, as its flesh was said to be incorruptible. This association with the divine has led to the peacock being adopted as a symbol of royalty and nobility, with many ancient rulers incorporating the bird into their coats of arms and personal emblems.

Beyond its mythological significance, the peacock also holds a cultural and societal meaning. In some parts of Asia, the peacock is a symbol of love and good fortune, while in others it represents dignity, self-respect, and pride. In modern Western culture, the peacock is often linked with vanity, its elaborate display of feathers seen as a show of narcissism. Regardless of its connotation, there’s no denying the peacock’s enduring popularity and significance to humanity. A symbol of beauty, grace, and divinity, the peacock continues to capture our imaginations, both literal and figurative.

History and Cultural Significance of Peacock Symbolism

The peacock has been a symbol of beauty, pride, and immortality since ancient times. It has been revered by many cultures for centuries and has played an important role in religious and mythological stories. The following are some historical and cultural references to the peacock symbol:

  • The ancient Greeks believed that the eyes on the peacock’s tail feathers symbolized the all-seeing eyes of the gods, providing protection and wisdom.
  • In Hinduism, the peacock is associated with the god Krishna, who is often depicted with a peacock feather in his hair. It is also believed that the bird’s vibrant colors represent the chakras, or energy centers of the body.
  • In ancient Persia, the peacock was associated with royalty and was believed to have the ability to eat poisonous snakes without being harmed, symbolizing immortality.

Peacocks have also been prominently featured in artwork and literature throughout history. They were a common subject in the art of ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome, and were a popular motif in the European Renaissance. In modern times, they continue to be depicted in art and literature as a symbol of beauty, elegance, and opulence.

Moreover, the peacock has remained an iconic symbol in modern culture, such as in fashion and decorating. Some fashion designers, such as Oscar de la Renta and Alexander McQueen, have incorporated peacock feathers into their designs. They also serve as an inspiration for home decor and interior design, often featured in textiles, wallpapers, and decorative accessories.

Culture Peacock Symbolism
Greek All-seeing eyes of the gods
Hinduism Associated with god Krishna, chakras
Persian Associated with royalty, immortality

In conclusion, the peacock holds a significant place in history, mythology, and culture around the world. Its symbolic meaning varies across cultures, but it remains a universal emblem of beauty, pride, and immortality.

Biblical References to Peacocks

Peacocks have been a symbol of beauty and majesty for centuries, and they are also mentioned several times in the Bible. In the Old Testament, peacocks were known as “tukkiyim” in Hebrew and were first mentioned in the book of Kings:

“King Solomon also built ships at Ezion Geber, which is near Elath in Edom, on the shores of the Red Sea. And Hiram sent his men—sailors who knew the sea—to serve in the fleet with Solomon’s men. They sailed to Ophir and brought back 420 talents of gold, which they delivered to King Solomon” (1 Kings 9:26-28 NIV).

This passage describes how King Solomon was able to acquire gold from Ophir, which is believed to be in modern-day Yemen or Tanzania. According to some biblical scholars, peacocks were also brought back from Ophir as a symbol of wealth and prestige.

  • In the book of Job, peacocks are also mentioned in a description of God’s power and wisdom:
  • “And to man He said, ‘Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; And to depart from evil is understanding.’”
  • “Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said: ‘Who is this who darkens counsel By words without knowledge? Now prepare yourself like a man; I will question you, and you shall answer Me. Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding'” (Job 28: 28-30, 38:1-4 NIV).
  • The book of Psalms uses peacocks to describe the grandeur of God’s Temple:
  • “We heard of the ark in Ephrathah; we found it in the fields of Jaar. Let us go to His dwelling place; Let us worship at His footstool. Arise, O Lord, to Your resting place, You and the ark of Your strength. Let Your priests be clothed with righteousness, And let Your saints shout for joy. For Your servant David’s sake, Do not turn away the face of Your anointed. The Lord has sworn in truth to David; He will not turn from it: ‘I will set upon your throne the fruit of your body. If your sons will keep My covenant and My testimony which I shall teach them, Their sons also shall sit upon your throne forevermore’ (Psalm 132: 6-12 NIV).

Peacocks in the Bible are seen as a sign of wealth, strength, and beauty. They are also mentioned as part of the natural world that God created and are used to illustrate the majesty of His creation.

In conclusion, the peacock is a symbol that has been used throughout history to represent different concepts. But in biblical times, they were a symbol of wealth and prestige. They were also used as a reminder of God’s power and majesty.

References: 1 Kings 9:26-28
Job 28: 28-30, 38:1-4
Psalm 132: 6-12

Peacock Symbolism in Hinduism and Buddhism

The peacock is a highly revered bird in both Hinduism and Buddhism. In Hinduism, the peacock is associated with several deities, the most prominent being Lord Krishna, who is often depicted wearing a peacock feather on his head or holding a peacock feather fan. The peacock is also associated with Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, fortune, and prosperity, who is often shown sitting or standing on a peacock or holding one in her hand.

Similarly, in Buddhism, the peacock is associated with several deities, most notably with Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion, who is sometimes depicted with peacock feathers in his hair or clothing.

  • In Hinduism, the peacock is seen as a symbol of beauty, grace, and love. It is believed to represent the cycles of death and rebirth, and its feathers are said to symbolize the eyes of the stars.
  • In Buddhism, the peacock is seen as a symbol of wisdom, enlightenment, and protection. Its feathers are often used as a symbol of awareness and vigilance, reminding practitioners to stay mindful and alert in their practice.
  • In both Hinduism and Buddhism, the peacock is also associated with the concept of egolessness or selflessness, as it is believed to shed its feathers annually and grow new ones, symbolizing the impermanence and transience of all things.

Furthermore, the peacock is often depicted in many different art forms in Hinduism and Buddhism, such as paintings, sculptures, and carvings, and is also often used in various rituals and ceremonies.

Overall, the peacock holds great significance and symbolism in both Hinduism and Buddhism, representing different aspects of spirituality, compassion, and awareness.

Hinduism Buddhism
Beauty, grace, and love Wisdom, enlightenment, and protection
Cycles of death and rebirth Awareness and vigilance
Symbol of egolessness or selflessness Symbol of impermanence and transience of all things

Peacock Symbolism in Greek and Roman Mythology

Peacock symbolism has been present in various cultures for centuries, including Greek and Roman Mythology. In these ancient cultures, the peacock was often associated with certain gods and goddesses, and its symbolism had particular significance.

One of the most notable associations in Greek mythology is with the goddess Hera, who was often depicted with a peacock by her side. The peacock was seen as a representation of her regal and powerful nature, as well as her watchful eye. According to legend, Hera had one hundred peacocks pulling her chariot, emphasizing her magnificence and royal status.

In Roman mythology, the peacock was also connected to goddesses, particularly Juno. Juno, the queen of the gods, was often depicted with a peacock as well, symbolizing her beauty, grace, and keen perception. The peacock was also a symbol of immortality in Roman culture, as it was believed that the flesh of the peacock never decayed.

  • In both Greek and Roman culture, the peacock’s association with royalty and power made it a popular symbol in art and architecture.
  • The peacock was often depicted in mosaics and frescoes, as well as on pottery and jewelry.
  • Peacock feathers were used as decoration in clothing, headdresses, and other accessories.

Beyond its association with specific gods and goddesses, the peacock was also seen as a symbol of rebirth and renewal in both cultures. This belief was rooted in the peacock’s unique ability to shed its feathers each year and grow new, more vibrant ones in their place. This cycle of shedding and renewal was seen as a metaphor for life and the cyclical nature of existence.

Peacock Symbolism in Greek mythology Peacock Symbolism in Roman mythology
Associated with the goddess Hera Connected to the goddess Juno
Symbolizes royalty, power, and watchfulness Represents beauty, grace, and immortality
Popular in Greek art and architecture Used in Roman mosaics and frescoes

Overall, the peacock held significant symbolism in both Greek and Roman mythology. Its association with royalty, power, regeneration, and immortality made it a popular image in art, literature, and architecture, and its enduring legacy is a testament to the enduring appeal of its rich symbolism.

Role of Peacock Symbolism in Christianity and Islam

The peacock is a symbol that is highly regarded in both Christianity and Islam. Its vibrant colors and unique features have made it a subject of fascination and admiration for centuries, with a variety of symbolic meanings attached to it. Among the most prominent of these are its associations with spirituality, immortality, and resurrection.

  • In Christianity, the peacock is often seen as a representation of the Resurrection. This is because of a belief that the bird’s flesh does not decay after death. In medieval European art, the bird is often depicted as a symbol of eternal life, with its feathers representing the outspread wings of the divine. Additionally, in Christian symbolism, peacock feathers are sometimes used to represent the “all-seeing” church, which is aware of everything going on in the world.
  • In Islam, the peacock is also seen as representing immortality and resurrection. In Muslim art, the bird is often depicted with a halo around its head, which represents its status as an emblem of holy power. According to some interpretations, the bird also serves as a reminder to Muslims of the importance of humility. This is because the peacock’s beauty and splendor are often seen as being in sharp contrast to the less glamorous characteristics of the bird, such as its unsteady gait and tendency to scratch around in the dirt.
  • One interesting aspect of peacock symbolism in both Christianity and Islam is that it often appears in association with the number 5. In Islam, the peacock came to be known as one of the “five birds,” which were thought to embody the five senses. In Christian symbolism, the peacock is often depicted flanked by five feathers, each of which represents one of the five wounds of Christ.

Overall, the peacock remains an important symbol in both Christianity and Islam. Its association with immortality, resurrection, and spiritual power continue to make it a popular subject of artistic and religious expression. Whether viewed in a Christian or an Islamic context, the peacock serves as a reminder of the importance of spiritual renewal, eternal life, and the unchanging nature of divine power.

The table below summarizes the different symbolic meanings of peacocks in Christianity and Islam:

Symbolic Meaning Christianity Islam
Spirituality Associated with all-seeing church Often depicted with a halo around its head
Immortality Representative of eternal life Representative of eternal life
Resurrection Representative of the Resurrection Representative of resurrection
Divine power Represented by the outspread wings of the divine Seen as an emblem of holy power

Regardless of the specific interpretation, there is no doubt that peacock symbolism continues to be an important aspect of both Christianity and Islam. Whether viewed in religious art or used in other contexts, this iconic bird remains a powerful symbol of spiritual renewal, eternal life, and the enduring power of faith.

Peacock Symbolism in Art and Literature

Peacocks are one of the most recognizable creatures on the planet, known for their brilliant, iridescent feathers and regal bearing. These birds have long been associated with a variety of cultural, religious, and artistic traditions, and their symbolism can be found throughout the world. Here, we explore the rich history of peacock symbolism in art and literature.

The Number 6

The number 6 is often associated with peacock symbolism, particularly in Christian art and literature. This is because, in Christian tradition, the peacock was thought to symbolize immortality, as its flesh was believed to be unaffected by decay. Additionally, the peacock’s feathers were thought to symbolize the eyes of God, and the bird itself was associated with the number 6, which represented both creation and imperfection.

  • In medieval Christian art, the peacock was often depicted alongside six feathers or six eyes, representing both the bird’s association with the number 6 and its connection to divinity.
  • Similarly, in Hindu mythology, the god Kartikeya rides a peacock with six feathers, symbolizing the power of the divine and the importance of balance and harmony in the universe.
  • Overall, the number 6 is just one of the many ways in which peacock symbolism has been expressed throughout history, and it continues to have relevance in both art and literature today.

Peacock Symbolism in Art

Peacock symbolism has been a staple of artistic expression for centuries, with artists from around the world drawing on the bird’s beauty and regal bearing to create stunning works of art. Some of the most notable examples of peacock symbolism in art include:

  • Paintings: Many famous artists, including Gustav Klimt and Claude Monet, have used peacocks as subjects in their paintings, highlighting the bird’s brilliant colors and shimmering feathers.
  • Textiles: The peacock’s feathers have also been used as inspiration for textiles and embroidery, resulting in intricate designs and exquisite craftsmanship.
  • Sculpture: Finally, peacock symbolism has been expressed through sculpture, with artists creating detailed depictions of the bird’s form and using its feathers as a source of inspiration for their work.

Peacock Symbolism in Literature

In addition to art, peacock symbolism is also prevalent in literature, with writers drawing on the bird’s beauty and majesty to create atmospheric prose and evocative imagery. Some of the most notable examples of peacock symbolism in literature include:

Firstly, in William Shakespeare’s play “Hamlet,” Hamlet refers to Polonius as a “peacock” due to his tendency to show off in front of others.

Secondly, in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story “The Artist of the Beautiful,” a clockmaker attempts to create a perfect butterfly, is mocked by others and ultimately finds solace in a peacock feather.

Thirdly, Edith Wharton’s novel “The House of Mirth” features a memorable scene in which the protagonist, Lily Bart, admires a peacock at sunset, underscoring the themes of beauty, wealth, and social status common throughout the book.

Overall, peacock symbolism in literature is just as diverse and evocative as it is in art, and it continues to captivate readers and inspire new works today.

Peacock Symbolism in Feng Shui

Peacocks are revered symbols in many cultures around the world, but in Feng Shui, they hold a special significance. They are considered to be a symbol of beauty, grace, and abundance.

The Number 7

In Feng Shui, the number 7 holds great importance as it represents the unity of heaven and earth. It is believed that the combination of the number 7 and the peacock symbol can bring prosperity, success, and good fortune to a home or business.

  • The number 7 is associated with the energy of the metal element, which represents purification, strength, and clarity.
  • Peacock feathers often feature a seven-color spectrum, which represents completeness and balance.
  • Furthermore, the number 7 is believed to govern the areas of spiritual growth, wisdom, and knowledge, which makes it an apt pairing with the peacock symbol.

Incorporating the peacock symbol and the number 7 in a home or business can help to attract positive energy and enhance the flow of Chi, leading to greater prosperity and abundance.

Using Peacock Symbols in Feng Shui

Peacock symbols can easily be incorporated into any Feng Shui design plan. Including wall art or a peacock feather fan can help to activate the energy of the metal element in a space, while also providing a touch of elegance and beauty.

Another way to harness the power of the peacock symbol in Feng Shui is to use it in the form of jewelry, such as a necklace or a pair of earrings. Wearing peacock-inspired jewelry can help to enhance the flow of Chi, while also providing a stylish accessory that promotes positive energy.

The Bottom Line

Symbol Meaning
Peacock Feather Prosperity, beauty, abundance
Number 7 Spiritual growth, wisdom, and knowledge

Peacock symbols in Feng Shui can help to create a harmonious and prosperous environment in any space. By incorporating the number 7 with peacock symbol, you can attract positive energy and invite success and abundance into your life.

Connection between Peacock Symbolism and Royalty

Peacock symbolism has always been associated with royalty, owing to the bird’s graceful appearance and vibrant, royal colors. From the ancient times to the present day, peacock feathers are worn as accessories by kings, queens, and nobles, to embody the symbol of power and wealth.

Peacock Symbolism and Number 8

  • In numerology, the number 8 is associated with wealth, prosperity, and success. Similarly, in peacock symbolism, the bird represents wealth and abundance.
  • The eyes of the peacock feathers are often compared to the eight-spoked wheel in Buddhism, which represents the noble eightfold path that leads to enlightenment.
  • Furthermore, in Hindu mythology, the peacock is associated with Lord Kartikeya, the god of war and victory, who is often depicted riding a peacock into battle.

The Peacock Throne

The Peacock Throne, which was a seat of power used by Mughal emperors of India, is an example of how deeply intertwined peacock symbolism and royalty are. The throne was commissioned by Shah Jahan in the 17th century and was adorned with numerous peacock feathers, as well as other precious stones and valuable materials. The throne was a symbol of the Mughal Empire’s wealth and power, and its importance was so great that its looting by the Iranian ruler, Nader Shah, in 1739, shook the Mughal Empire to its core.


Peacock symbolism has always been associated with royalty, and it’s no surprise why. With their rich colors and elegant appearance, peacocks embody the beauty, wealth, and prosperity that have long been associated with monarchs and rulers. From the Peacock Throne to modern-day accessories worn by royalty, the symbolism of the peacock continues to hold a special place in the world of monarchies and nobles.

Symbolism Explanation
Wealth The colors and appearance of the peacock symbolize wealth and prosperity.
Noble Eightfold Path The eyes of the peacock feathers represent the eight-spoked wheel in Buddhism, which leads to enlightenment.
Power The peacock is associated with gods of war and victory, representing power and strength.

Peacock symbolism can be seen in numerology, mythology, and even in the art and furnishings of ancient empires. Its rich history and deep-rooted symbolism make it a fascinating subject for art, literature, and symbolism enthusiasts alike.

Peacock Symbolism in Fashion and Design

Peacocks have been utilized in design and fashion for centuries, and for good reason. These birds are known for their extravagant appearance, which has often been emulated in various aspects of design.

  • Patterns: The intricate and colorful feathers of the peacock have been used as inspiration for a variety of pattern designs. These patterns can be found on clothing items such as dresses, blouses, and scarves, as well as on home decor items like wallpaper and curtains.
  • Jewelry: The peacock’s feathers are often seen in jewelry design, with their iridescent and colorful nature lending themselves well to beading and other embellishments. Peacock motifs are also used in the design of jewelry pieces, with the bird symbolizing beauty and grace.
  • Accessories: The peacock’s feathers have also been used in accessories such as fans, hats, and handbags. These items not only provide a functional purpose but also offer a glamorous touch to any outfit.

A particular number that holds significant symbolism in peacock design and fashion is the number 9. This number represents completeness and wholeness, which is reflected in the peacock’s display of all its feathers. The bird spreads its feathers out symmetrically, creating a full-circle display that is both impressive and beautiful.

Aspect Symbolism
Feathers Integrity and completeness
Colors Beauty and royalty
Overall display Confidence and pride

Incorporating peacock symbolism into fashion and design adds an element of grace, confidence, and completeness. The use of patterns, jewelry, and accessories featuring the peacock can elevate any outfit or space, offering a sense of elegance and royalty. The symbolism behind the number 9 as it relates to peacock design allows for a deeper and more meaningful connection to this majestic bird.

Peacock Feather Symbolism and Superstitions

Peacock feathers are famous for their striking beauty, but they are also known for their deep symbolism and superstitions. In many cultures, peacock feathers represent various beliefs and values, from good luck and prosperity to vanity or pride.

  • In Hinduism, the peacock is associated with the goddess Saraswati and is considered a symbol of wisdom, power, and immortality. The peacock feather represents the eyes of the stars, which are said to be the connection between heaven and earth.
  • Similarly, in Buddhism, the peacock symbolizes purity, compassion, and the all-seeing consciousness of the Buddha.
  • In ancient Greece and Rome, the peacock was a symbol of wealth, luxury, and beauty. The goddess Hera was often depicted wearing a peacock feather crown.

However, in some cultures, peacock feathers are thought to bring bad luck or misfortune, particularly when they are used as home decor or in fashion accessories. Here are some common superstitions associated with peacock feathers:

  • It is believed that looking at your own reflection in a peacock feather will cause you to become stuck up or conceited.
  • Some people believe that bringing peacock feathers into the house can bring bad luck, as they are said to contain the “evil eye” or negative energy.
  • In some countries, it is considered unlucky to have peacock feathers in the bedroom, as they are said to disturb sleep and cause nightmares.

Despite the mixed beliefs surrounding peacock feathers, many people still love their bold and vibrant colors and incorporate them into their homes and wardrobes. In the end, the symbolism of peacock feathers is open to interpretation and can vary depending on personal beliefs and cultural traditions.

Number 10 and Peacock Feathers

Number 10 is considered a significant number in many cultures and is often associated with perfection, completion, and the divine order of the universe. In numerology, the number 10 can also represent transformation and spiritual growth.

Peacock Feather and Number 10 Symbolism
The ten eye-like spots on a peacock feather Represent the all-seeing power of the divine and the ten avatars of the Hindu god Vishnu.
A peacock’s tail feathers have 10 strands of different colors Suggest harmony and balance in diversity in the natural world.
A peacock’s mating ritual may last up to 10 minutes Symbolizes the tenacity and persistence required to achieve one’s goals.

Overall, the number 10 and peacock feathers share a deep symbolism that touches on themes of spirituality, balance, and growth.

What Is Peacock Symbolize: Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the historical significance of the peacock?

Peacocks have been revered in various cultures throughout history due to their beauty and majesty. In ancient Greece, peacocks were associated with the goddess Hera, while in Hinduism, they are associated with the deity Lord Krishna.

2. What does the peacock feather symbolize?

Peacock feathers are often seen as a symbol of beauty, luxury, and pride. In some cultures, they are also thought to bring good luck or ward off evil spirits.

3. What does the peacock symbolize in Christianity?

In Christianity, peacocks are often depicted as a symbol of resurrection and eternal life due to their ability to shed and regrow their feathers.

4. What does it mean if you dream about a peacock?

Dreaming about a peacock can symbolize beauty, pride, or a desire for attention. It can also represent feelings of royalty or nobility.

5. What is the peacock’s significance in Chinese culture?

In Chinese culture, the peacock symbolizes beauty, grace, and immortality. It is often associated with the goddess of mercy and compassion, Guanyin.

6. What is the symbolism behind a peacock spreading its feathers?

When a peacock spreads its feathers, it is a display of mating behavior meant to attract a mate. Symbolically, this can represent the desire for attention or the display of one’s true inner beauty.

7. What is the peacock’s significance in contemporary culture?

In modern times, the peacock is often used as a symbol of luxury and beauty in fashion and design. It is also a popular subject in art and photography.

Thanks for Reading – Come Back Soon!

We hope these FAQs have given you a better understanding of what the peacock symbolizes. Whether you’re drawn to its beauty, intrigue, or spiritual significance, the peacock remains a fascinating and timeless symbol. Thanks for reading, and don’t forget to come back soon for more interesting insights.