Whether it’s high school literature class, a college Shakespeare survey, or just one’s own personal reading habits, the scene in Macbeth where Banquo’s ghost haunts the titular character is one that’s likely familiar to many. However, despite its notoriety and popularity, there’s still plenty of room for debate over what exactly the ghost is meant to symbolize. Some say it represents Macbeth’s guilt and the evil that he’s brought upon himself, while others see the ghost as a sign of the supernatural forces pulling the strings behind the scenes. So, what does Banquo’s ghost symbolize?
One way to approach this question is to look at the context in which the ghost appears. Macbeth sees the ghost at a banquet in his own castle, surrounded by friends and supporters, even as he’s plunged deeper and deeper into guilt and paranoia over his crimes. Banquo, for his part, has been killed under suspicious circumstances in order to keep him from revealing the truths about Macbeth’s ascension to the throne. In this light, it’s hard to see the ghost as anything other than a representation of the turmoil and unease that has taken hold of Macbeth’s mind.
At the same time, there are those who would argue that the ghost serves a more symbolic purpose, standing in for the larger forces of fate and destiny that drive the narrative of the play. With its eerie appearance and menacing presence, Banquo’s ghost could be seen as a warning of what’s to come, or even as a kind of avatar for the dark powers that seek to punish Macbeth for his misdeeds. In either case, it’s clear that there’s a deep meaning behind the ghost that goes far beyond its surface-level appearance.
Historical context of Macbeth and Banquo’s character
To fully understand the symbolism behind Banquo’s ghost, it is important to first look at the historical context of Macbeth’s era and the character of Banquo himself. Macbeth is a play written by William Shakespeare around 1603, a time period where the monarchy was highly valued in England. The play was written during the reign of King James I, who was himself a Scot and fascinated by Scottish history and folklore. Macbeth is set in Scotland and depicts the rise and fall of the play’s main character, Macbeth, a general in the Scottish army, who becomes consumed with ambition and turns to murder to achieve his goals. Banquo, also a general in the Scottish army, serves as Macbeth’s foil and friend.
Banquo is portrayed as a noble and honorable character throughout the play, in contrast to Macbeth’s descent into madness. Banquo is depicted as a father figure to his son, Fleance, and as a loyal subject to the King of Scotland. It is mentioned early in the play that Banquo is prophesied to father a long line of kings, which creates jealousy in Macbeth and ultimately leads to Banquo’s murder at Macbeth’s command.
Supernatural elements in Macbeth
Shakespeare’s Macbeth is renowned for its supernatural elements and the presence of ghosts, witches, and other supernatural occurrences. These elements play a crucial role in the play, often symbolizing something beyond the natural world. One of the most significant supernatural elements in Macbeth is Banquo’s ghost, which appears multiple times throughout the play. In this article, we will explore what Banquo’s ghost symbolizes and how it relates to the larger theme of supernatural elements in the play.
What does Banquo’s ghost symbolize?
- Guilt: Banquo’s ghost symbolizes Macbeth’s guilt and the consequences of his actions. Macbeth sees the ghost at the banquet, which is supposed to be a joyous occasion. However, Macbeth’s guilty conscience makes it impossible for him to enjoy the feast. The ghost is a reminder of Macbeth’s crime and shows that he cannot escape the consequences of his actions.
- Justice: Banquo’s ghost also symbolizes justice and the idea that everyone must face the consequences of their actions. While Macbeth has succeeded in his plan to become king, he cannot escape the consequences of his actions. Banquo’s ghost is a reminder that justice will always triumph and that no one can escape it, even if they are powerful and wealthy.
- The supernatural: Banquo’s ghost is also representative of the supernatural elements in the play. The appearance of the ghost is a reminder of the witches’ prophecy and their ability to predict the future. Banquo’s ghost is a manifestation of the supernatural world and serves as a warning to those who seek to meddle in it.
Other supernatural elements in Macbeth
In addition to Banquo’s ghost, Macbeth is filled with other supernatural elements that serve to heighten the play’s atmosphere of darkness and terror. These include:
- The witches: The three witches who appear at the beginning of the play are representative of the supernatural world. They prophesize Macbeth’s destiny and act as a warning to those who seek to challenge fate.
- The owl: The owl that appears after Duncan’s murder is another supernatural element. It is a symbol of death and foreshadows the downfall of Macbeth.
- The apparitions: The apparitions that appear to Macbeth are representative of the supernatural and the witches’ powers. They are a warning to Macbeth of his impending doom.
The role of supernatural elements in Macbeth
The supernatural elements in Macbeth serve a variety of functions. They contribute to the play’s atmosphere of darkness and terror, heightening the audience’s sense of anticipation and dread. They also serve to remind the audience of the consequences of their actions and the idea that justice will always prevail. Finally, they emphasize the play’s theme of fate and the idea that one’s destiny is predetermined and cannot be changed.
|Supernatural Elements||Functions in Macbeth|
|Ghost of Banquo||Serves as a reminder of Macbeth’s guilt and justice|
|The Witches||Prophesize Macbeth’s destiny and act as a warning|
|The Owl||A symbol of death and foreshadows Macbeth’s downfall|
|The Apparitions||Emphasize the play’s theme of fate and predetermination|
Overall, the supernatural elements in Macbeth contribute to the play’s dark atmosphere and serve to emphasize important themes and ideas. Banquo’s ghost is just one of many supernatural elements in the play, but it is arguably the most significant. It symbolizes Macbeth’s guilt, justice, and the power of the supernatural world.
Symbolism in Macbeth
Macbeth, the renowned play by William Shakespeare, is often regarded as one of the greatest tragedies ever written. The play is full of symbolism, and it is said that every character, scene, and event hold a hidden meaning. One of the most significant symbols in Macbeth is Banquo’s ghost, which appears in Act III, Scene IV. This ghost symbolizes several things, including guilt, revenge, and the destabilization of Macbeth’s mind.
What Does Banquo’s Ghost Symbolize?
- Guilt: Banquo’s ghost is a representation of Macbeth’s guilt. After Macbeth murders Banquo, he is consumed by guilt and haunted by his actions. Banquo’s ghost symbolizes the guilt that Macbeth feels and how it affects him, both mentally and emotionally.
- Revenge: In addition to guilt, Banquo’s ghost also represents revenge. Banquo was Macbeth’s friend and loyal companion, and when Macbeth orders his murder, Banquo’s ghost seeks revenge. The ghost’s appearance serves as a warning to Macbeth that his actions have consequences and that he cannot escape the consequences of his actions.
- Destabilization of Macbeth’s Mind: Finally, Banquo’s ghost symbolizes the destabilization of Macbeth’s mind. During the play, Macbeth becomes increasingly paranoid and unstable, and Banquo’s ghost serves as the embodiment of his unraveling mental state. The ghost’s appearance contributes to Macbeth’s descent into madness and eventually leads to his downfall.
Other Symbolism in Macbeth
In addition to Banquo’s ghost, there are several other examples of symbolism in Macbeth. For example, the witches represent the supernatural and the power of fate and destiny. The blood that appears after Duncan’s murder symbolizes the guilt that Macbeth and Lady Macbeth feel, and it serves as a constant reminder of their actions. Additionally, the crown represents power, and Macbeth’s desire for the crown drives much of the play’s action.
The Importance of Symbolism in Macbeth
Overall, the symbols in Macbeth serve to deepen the play’s themes and add layers of meaning to the story. They provide insight into the characters’ motivations and emotions and offer a glimpse into the play’s larger themes, such as the corrupting influence of power and the dangers of unchecked ambition. Without these symbols, Macbeth would be a much simpler story, and its impact would be greatly diminished.
|Banquo’s Ghost||Guilt, revenge, destabilization of Macbeth’s mind|
|The Witches||The supernatural, power of fate and destiny|
|The Crown||Power, ambition|
Overall, the symbols in Macbeth are essential to understanding the play’s themes and characters. Banquo’s ghost is just one example of the many powerful symbols that Shakespeare employs throughout the play, and it serves as a poignant reminder of the consequences of unchecked ambition and the corrupting influence of power.
Role of Banquo in Macbeth
Banquo is one of the most interesting and complex characters in Shakespeare’s Macbeth. While he is not the protagonist, he is an important character whose presence is felt throughout the play. Banquo is portrayed as a loyal, brave, and honorable man, who is also ambitious and perceptive. His role in the play is multifaceted, and his character has different meanings for different people. In this article, we will explore what Banquo’s ghost symbolizes in Macbeth.
- Banquo’s loyalty – Banquo is loyal to Macbeth, but he is also loyal to his own principles. Unlike Macbeth, Banquo does not compromise his integrity for personal gain. He is a good friend to Macbeth, but he is also a good father and a good man. Banquo’s loyalty is a contrast to Macbeth’s disloyalty to his own principles and his friends.
- Banquo’s ambition – Banquo is not immune to ambition, but he does not let it consume him. He is aware of the dangers of ambition and warns Macbeth about the consequences of his actions. Banquo’s ambition is a contrast to Macbeth’s obsessive and destructive ambition, which leads to his downfall.
- Banquo’s perception – Banquo is a perceptive character who senses that something is amiss when the witches prophesize Macbeth’s rise to power. He is wary of the witches and their predictions, unlike Macbeth who is quick to believe them. Banquo’s perception is a contrast to Macbeth’s gullibility and his willingness to believe in the supernatural.
Overall, Banquo’s role in Macbeth is to provide a foil to Macbeth’s character, and to represent loyalty, ambition, and perception. He is a symbol of what Macbeth could have been if he had stayed true to his principles and his friends. Banquo’s ghost, which appears to Macbeth during a banquet, symbolizes Macbeth’s guilt and his fear of losing his throne. The ghost is a manifestation of Macbeth’s guilty conscience, and a reminder of his betrayal of Banquo, who Macbeth orders to be killed to secure his position as king.
|Loyalty||Remains loyal to his principles and friends||Betrays his principles and friends for personal gain|
|Ambition||Has ambition but does not let it consume him||Obsessively pursues ambition, which leads to his downfall|
|Perception||Is perceptive about the dangers of ambition and the supernatural||Gullible and easily swayed by the supernatural|
In conclusion, Banquo’s role in Macbeth serves as a reminder that loyalty, ambition, and perception are important virtues that we should uphold. Banquo’s ghost, symbolizing Macbeth’s guilt and fear, is a powerful metaphor for the consequences of our actions. It is a cautionary tale about the dangers of ambition and the importance of staying true to our principles and our friends.
Banquo’s prophecy and its significance
Shakespeare’s “Macbeth” is rich with symbolism and hidden meanings, and one of the most intriguing motifs is that of Banquo’s ghost. Banquo’s character in the play serves as a foil to Macbeth, and his ghost can be interpreted as a symbol of Macbeth’s guilt and impending downfall. The Banquo’s prophecy is also significant in the play as it sets the stage for Macbeth’s eventual demise.
- The first time that Banquo’s prophecy is mentioned is in Act I, Scene 3, when the witches tell Macbeth that he will become king and that Banquo’s children will also be kings. This prophecy sets in motion Macbeth’s descent into madness and paranoia, as he feels threatened by Banquo and his descendants.
- The prophecy is mentioned again in Act III, Scene 1, when Macbeth hires murderers to kill Banquo and his son Fleance in order to prevent the prophecy from coming true. However, Fleance escapes and the prophecy lives on, haunting Macbeth and driving him further into madness and guilt.
- Finally, in Act IV, Scene 1, the witches show Macbeth a vision of eight kings, the last of which is carrying a mirror, indicating that he will be succeeded by many more kings. This vision confirms the truth of Banquo’s prophecy and further destabilizes Macbeth’s grip on reality.
Overall, Banquo’s prophecy in “Macbeth” is significant because it drives the plot of the play and sets up the themes of ambition, guilt, and fate. The fact that Macbeth is so willing to believe in the prophecy and take violent action to try to prevent it from coming true reveals his own insecurity and susceptibility to manipulation. The ultimate realization of the prophecy, with Banquo’s ghost appearing to haunt Macbeth, is a powerful symbol of Macbeth’s guilt and moral decay.
|Banquo’s ghost||Macbeth’s guilt and impending downfall|
|Banquo’s prophecy||Driving the plot and setting up themes of ambition, guilt, and fate|
|The eight kings vision||Confirms Banquo’s prophecy and destabilizes Macbeth’s reality|
In conclusion, the symbolism of Banquo’s ghost and the significance of his prophecy in “Macbeth” cannot be overstated. They serve as powerful reminders of the consequences of unchecked ambition and moral decay, and their impact on the play is still felt hundreds of years later.
Banquo’s Murder and Its Consequences
Shakespeare’s play “Macbeth” tells the tragic story of Macbeth, a Scottish nobleman who is haunted by guilt after he murders King Duncan and takes the throne. But Macbeth’s guilt doesn’t end with Duncan’s death; he is also responsible for the murder of his friend Banquo, who poses a threat to his reign. Banquo’s death contributes to the unraveling of Macbeth’s mental state, and the appearance of his ghost symbolizes not just his guilt but the consequences of his actions.
The murder of Banquo has several consequences that ultimately lead to Macbeth’s downfall:
- Loss of Friendship: Banquo was not just any friend, but a trusted companion who fought alongside Macbeth in battle. His murder by Macbeth represents a betrayal of trust and a violation of the bond between soldiers. This loss of friendship contributes to Macbeth’s guilt and sense of isolation as he climbs the throne.
- Possible Reprisal: Although Macbeth hopes that Banquo’s murder will eliminate any threats to his reign, Banquo’s son Fleance escapes and poses a potential threat to Macbeth’s rule. This unresolved tension adds to the paranoia and fear that Macbeth experiences, as he worries about possible assassins and conspiracies.
- Haunted by Ghosts: After the murder of Banquo, his ghost appears to Macbeth during a banquet, causing him to unravel completely. The appearance of the ghost is a manifestation of Macbeth’s guilt and fear, and it symbolizes the consequences of his actions, as he can no longer escape the specters of his past.
To further understand the consequences of Banquo’s murder, consider the following table that outlines the sequence of events:
|Banquo’s murder||Loss of friendship, possible reprisal, and guilt|
|Fleance’s escape||Increased paranoia and fear for Macbeth|
|Banquo’s ghost appears||Manifestation of Macbeth’s guilt and fear, indicates the consequences of his actions|
In conclusion, Banquo’s murder and the consequences that follow not only contribute to the unraveling of Macbeth’s mental state but also symbolize the inevitable consequences of his actions. Shakespeare’s play reminds us that betrayal and violence beget more of the same, and guilt and fear can never be fully escaped.
Meaning and interpretation of Banquo’s ghost appearance
Banquo’s ghost appearance in Shakespeare’s “Macbeth” is a pivotal moment in the play. It symbolizes the psychological turmoil and guilt that Macbeth experiences after he kills King Duncan and frames his loyal friend Banquo for the murder. Scholars and literary experts have long debated the deeper meaning and interpretation of Banquo’s ghost appearance, which is why we have broken down the topic into seven key subtopics:
1. Supernatural elements
The appearance of Banquo’s ghost is one of the most significant supernatural elements in the play, along with the witches’ prophesies and Lady Macbeth’s sleepwalking. The ghost’s appearance suggests that there are forces beyond the natural realm at play in the tragedy of Macbeth.
2. Macbeth’s guilt
Macbeth’s reaction to Banquo’s ghost indicates that he is consumed by guilt and paranoia. He is unable to enjoy his newfound power and wealth because he is haunted by his crime. The ghost represents Macbeth’s inner demons and the consequences of his actions.
3. Punishment for murder
Banquo’s ghost can also be interpreted as a divine punishment for Macbeth’s murder of King Duncan and his betrayal of Banquo. It is a reminder that every action has a consequence and that justice must be served.
4. The power of the mind
The appearance of Banquo’s ghost raises questions about the power of the mind and the influence of guilt on our perception of reality. Is the ghost a supernatural entity or a product of Macbeth’s guilty conscience? This interpretation highlights the psychological complexity of the play.
The ghost of Banquo also foreshadows Macbeth’s downfall and serves as a warning of the inevitable consequences of his actions. It is a reminder that no one can escape the consequences of their deeds.
6. The theme of betrayal
Banquo’s ghost is a reminder of Macbeth’s betrayal of his friend and the consequences of his treachery. It speaks to the theme of betrayal and the destructive power of ambition.
7. The impact on the audience
The appearance of Banquo’s ghost has a powerful impact on the audience, inducing fear, shock, and disbelief. It adds to the suspense and tension of the play and forces the audience to question the characters’ sanity and motives.
In conclusion, Banquo’s ghost appearance symbolizes a range of themes and interpretations, including guilt, punishment, psychological complexity, foreshadowing, betrayal, and audience impact. Its significance has made it one of the most memorable and talked-about moments in Shakespeare’s “Macbeth.”
|Supernatural elements||Forces beyond the natural realm at play|
|Macbeth’s guilt||Consumed by guilt and paranoia|
|Punishment for murder||Divine punishment for Macbeth’s crime|
|The power of the mind||Ghost as a product of guilty conscience|
|Foreshadowing||Ghost as a warning of Macbeth’s downfall|
|The theme of betrayal||Ghost as a reminder of Macbeth’s treachery|
|The impact on the audience||Induces fear, shock, and disbelief|
Macbeth’s Reaction to Banquo’s Ghost
One of the most striking scenes in Shakespeare’s tragedy is the appearance of Banquo’s ghost during a banquet hosted by Macbeth. This supernatural event has puzzled scholars and theatre-goers alike for centuries. One possible interpretation is that Banquo’s ghost is a symbol of Macbeth’s guilty conscience and the psychological toll of his crimes.
Macbeth’s reaction to Banquo’s ghost is one of fear and horror. He is clearly shaken by the apparition and tries to make sense of what he sees. At first, he thinks it is a trick played by his enemies, but then he realizes that the ghost is real. He tries to defend himself by saying that he is not to blame for Banquo’s death, but his guests are not convinced. Lady Macbeth tries to calm him down, but he is beyond reason.
- Macbeth’s reaction to Banquo’s ghost shows his guilt and fear.
- He tries to deny his responsibility for Banquo’s death.
- He is unable to control his emotions and appears unstable.
In this scene, Shakespeare uses Banquo’s ghost as a symbol of Macbeth’s guilt and shame. The appearance of the ghost shows how Macbeth’s crimes haunt him and have a profound psychological effect on his mental state. He is unable to escape the consequences of his actions and must confront them in this terrifying moment.
The scene also reveals Lady Macbeth’s role in Macbeth’s downfall. She tries to calm him down and cover up for him, but her efforts are in vain. This underscores the theme of the corrupting influence of power and ambition, which infects even the strongest relationships.
|Banquo’s Ghost||Fear and Horror|
|Guilt and Shame||Denial and Unstable Emotions|
|The Corrupting Influence of Power and Ambition||Dependency on Lady Macbeth’s Support|
Overall, the appearance of Banquo’s ghost serves as a powerful symbol of Macbeth’s guilty conscience and the psychological toll of his crimes. It also reveals the corrupting influence of power and the fragility of human relationships. Shakespeare’s use of this supernatural event adds depth and complexity to the play and invites readers and audiences to contemplate deeper meanings and interpretations.
Significance of the banquet scene in Macbeth
The banquet scene in Macbeth is a pivotal moment in the play. It is during this scene that Banquo’s ghost makes its first appearance, haunting Macbeth and driving him further into madness. Here, we will discuss the significance of this scene, focusing on what Banquo’s ghost symbolizes.
- Macbeth’s guilt: Banquo’s ghost symbolizes the guilt that Macbeth feels for killing his friend. The ghost represents the past that Macbeth cannot escape, reminding him of the terrible deed he has committed.
- The supernatural: Banquo’s ghost is a manifestation of the supernatural elements that run throughout the play. It serves to confirm the existence of witches, ghosts, and other supernatural beings in the world of Macbeth.
- Fear: Banquo’s ghost instills fear into Macbeth and his guests. Its appearance is unexpected and terrifying, indicating the fear that Macbeth has created in himself and those around him through his violent actions.
Overall, the banquet scene and Banquo’s ghost symbolize Macbeth’s descent into madness and his ultimate downfall. The scene demonstrates the power of guilt, the existence of the supernatural, and the consequences of unchecked ambition.
Furthermore, the banquet scene, as a whole, also highlights the themes of appearance versus reality and the corrupting influence of power. Macbeth’s attempted cover-up and continued descent into madness exemplify the idea that appearances can deceive and that power often leads to corruption.
In conclusion, the banquet scene in Macbeth, specifically Banquo’s ghost, holds immense weight in the play and helps to drive the narrative forward. it symbolizes Macbeth’s guilt, showcases the presence of the supernatural, and instills fear in the characters and audience alike.
|Banquo’s Ghost||Macbeth’s guilt, supernatural elements, fear|
|Appearance vs Reality||The danger of deception|
|Corrupting influence of power||Power often leads to corruption|
The banquet scene and Banquo’s ghost serve as a reminder that actions have consequences and that the past can come back to haunt us, even in unexpected ways.
Effects of Banquo’s ghost on Macbeth’s character development
Shakespeare’s “Macbeth” is a story of ambition, greed, and power. One of the most significant moments in the play is when Banquo’s ghost appears at the banquet. This event marks the turning point for Macbeth’s downfall, revealing his inner guilt and paranoia. Here are some of the effects Banquo’s ghost had on Macbeth’s character development:
- Heightened guilt: Before Banquo’s ghost appears, Macbeth has already murdered Duncan and Banquo. However, it is only after the ghost’s appearance that Macbeth starts to feel the weight of his actions. The ghost symbolizes Macbeth’s guilt and his inability to escape the consequences of his choices.
- Increase in paranoia: Macbeth is already paranoid about losing power, but Banquo’s ghost makes it worse. He starts to suspect everyone, including his closest allies, and becomes increasingly isolated and detached from reality. The ghost also represents Macbeth’s fear of retribution, which ultimately leads to his downfall.
- Loss of control: Macbeth is a character who craves control, but Banquo’s ghost represents a force that he cannot control. Macbeth’s inability to banish the ghost shows how powerless he is against his own guilt and paranoia. This loss of control reveals Macbeth’s true nature as a flawed and tragic character.
The effects of Banquo’s ghost on Macbeth’s character development are profound. It marks the point where Macbeth’s ambition and desire for power have blinded him to the consequences of his actions. The ghost forces him to face the truth about his guilt, paranoia, and loss of control. Ultimately, it leads to his downfall in the play.
Overall, Banquo’s ghost symbolizes Macbeth’s inner demons, and its appearance marks the turning point of the play. It is a powerful reminder that even the most ambitious and ruthless characters cannot escape the consequences of their choices.
|Effects of Banquo’s ghost on Macbeth’s character development||Description|
|Heightened guilt||Macbeth feels the weight of his actions and realizes the consequences of his choices.|
|Increase in paranoia||Macbeth becomes isolated and detached from reality, and he suspects everyone around him.|
|Loss of control||Macbeth’s inability to banish the ghost represents his loss of control and reveals his true nature as a flawed and tragic character.|
The effects of Banquo’s ghost on Macbeth’s character development are profound and reveal the consequences of unchecked ambition and desire for power.
FAQs: What Does Banquo’s Ghost Symbolize?
1. What is the significance of Banquo’s ghost in Macbeth?
Banquo’s ghost represents the guilt and inner turmoil that Macbeth is experiencing after committing the murder of his friend and ally. It serves as a physical manifestation of his conscience and the consequences of his actions.
2. Why does Banquo’s ghost only appear to Macbeth?
Banquo’s ghost only appears to Macbeth because it is a creation of his guilty conscience. The ghost symbolizes the consequences of his actions and serves as a reminder of the murder he committed.
3. What is the effect of Banquo’s ghost on Macbeth?
Banquo’s ghost has a profound effect on Macbeth, causing him to become increasingly unstable and paranoid. It is a constant reminder of his crime and drives him to further acts of violence and betrayal.
4. What does Banquo’s ghost symbolize in terms of the supernatural?
Banquo’s ghost is a manifestation of the supernatural in Macbeth. It represents the mystical and supernatural forces that are at work in the play, pushing Macbeth towards his inevitable downfall.
5. What does Banquo’s ghost symbolize in terms of loyalty and betrayal?
Banquo’s ghost symbolizes the betrayal of Macbeth’s friendship and loyalty towards Banquo. It represents the consequences of his betrayal and the guilt and remorse that he experiences as a result.
6. How does Banquo’s ghost symbolize the theme of revenge?
Banquo’s ghost symbolizes the revenge that is eventually enacted upon Macbeth for his actions. It represents the consequences of his betrayal and the revenge that is exacted upon him as a result.
7. What is the symbolic significance of Banquo’s ghost?
Banquo’s ghost is symbolic of the guilt, paranoia, and inner turmoil that Macbeth experiences as a result of his actions. It is a representation of the moral decay and ultimate downfall of Macbeth.
We hope this article has helped to shed some light on the symbolic significance of Banquo’s ghost in Macbeth. Remember, the ghost represents Macbeth’s guilt, inner turmoil, and the consequences of his actions. Thank you for reading and be sure to check back for more literary analysis.